March 28, 2011

History of India

If you want to visit India, you must know the history of India. It begins with some evidence of human activity of Homo Sapiens as long as 75,000 years ago in India, or with earlier hominids including Homo Erectus from about 500,000 years ago.  The Indus Valley Civilization (India’s Hindustan), which spread and developed in the northwestern part of Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE, was the first capital civilization in India. A modern and technologically advance urban culture flourished in the Mature Harappan during, from 2600 to 1900 BCE. Disrepair of this bronze age civilization began before the end of the second millennium BCE and was followed by the Iron Age Vedic Civilization. They extended over much of the Indo-Gngetic land and which overspread the rise of major polities. In these kingdoms, Magadha, Mahavira, and Shidarta Gautama were born in the 6th or 5th Century BCE and witnessed their sramanic philosophies.

Many of all the subcontinent was overmastered by the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. After that, it became divided with various part ruled by numerous Middle Kingdoms for next 1,500 years. This is called as the classical epoch of Indian history, during which India has sometimes been estimated to have the largest economy of the ancient and medieval India’s world, controlling between one third and one fourth of the world’s wealth up to the 18th century.
Much of people of India in the northen and central India was once again allied in the 4th century BCE, and stay so for two centuries thereafter, under the Gupta Empire. In this time, witnessing a Hindu religious and intellectual resurrection, is known among its adorer as the “Golden Age of India”. During the same time, and for several centuries afterwards, the south of India, under the canon of the Chalukyas, Pallavas, Pandyas, and Cholas, experienced its own golden age. During this period, aspects of Indian civilization, culture, administrasion, and religion (Buddhism and Hinduism) spread to much of Asia.

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